Russian scientists have found a way to reduce production emissions by a third
Scientists in Russia have come up with a way to improve the energy efficiency of enterprises in the country, so that manufacturers will not have to pay carbon tax to the European Union.
Earlier it was reported that the EU intends to introduce a "carbon tax" for Russia, which could provoke economic losses. The rate of cross-border such tax will depend on the level of carbon dioxide emission by domestic enterprises. In other words, the Russian Federation will have to pay an increased tax on imports to the EU of products in the creation of which emissions were produced.
Scientists have developed a scientific method Anselm, which will avoid the high rate and increase the energy efficiency of enterprises, the media reports.
Thus, one of the authors of the method, Maxim Kanischev, said that although it is not possible to reduce the production emissions to zero, they can be reduced by a third. He noted that the 30% efficiency does not include the fines on emissions. If they are included, then the positive effect on the economy of any energy-intensive enterprise will be enhanced. In such a case, according to the scientist, an increase in energy efficiency of 50% may be achieved, thereby achieving a global level.
The experts plan to use the Anselm system to assess the growth potential of energy efficiency in the oil and chemical industry. However, for the implementation to reach the level of 75% in four years, the development of the processes should start as soon as possible.
For this purpose it is proposed to establish a special working group together with scientists to monitor the efficiency of the processes. It is proposed to work together with European scientists to create a system for assessing the absorption capacity of the forests and the carbonates being created. This will help to avoid the risks of non-recognition of domestic methods for estimating the carbon dioxide sequestration capacity of carbonic farms and reducing carbon dioxide emissions.
At the same time, scientists in Russia believe that environmental problems can only be solved through the owners of production facilities and through profits. They pointed out the importance of owners seeing direct benefits in energy efficiency improvements and emissions reductions.
In 2019, Russia supplied $180 billion worth of products to Europe, of which 75% came from oil and its derivatives. If these volumes are maintained, exporters will have to pay a tax of about $22 billion, leading to a 12 percent increase in prices in Russia, experts say.
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Author: Ksenia Gustova